- Fall is a great time to plant trees, shrubs, bulbs, perennials,
grass seed and sod. Plants that are planted in the fall enjoy cooler
temperatures and ideal growing conditions that allow roots ample time
to grow into the surrounding soil. Be sure to a starter plant food
at the time of planting.
- Plants and trees that provide color in the month of October include
Burning Bush, Camellia, Ornamental Cabbage and Kale, Pansies Viburnum,
Crape Myrtles, October Glory Maple, Red Sunset Maple, Nandina, Pyracantha,
Sweet Gum and Virginia Creeper.
- There are lots of perennials with interest now including Anemone,
Chrysanthemums, perennial Asters and ornamental grasses.
- Spring blooming fall bulbs are now in stock at local garden center
locations and now is the time to plant them. Plant Iris, Tulips, Crocus,
Daffodils and many others for glorious spring color.
- Add a touch of fall to your home and landscape with hardy Mums.
- Do not prune Azaleas, Rhododendrons and other spring flowering shrubs
because they have already set their buds for next year's blooms. If
you feel these shrubs do need to be pruned, however, you can prune
them now, but you will sacrifice next spring flowers.
- Time to feed your plants with a good quality slow release plant
food. Fertilizing perennials and flowering shrubs and trees with fertilizers
made for flowering plants. This custom blended plant food contains
slow-release nitrogen, sulfate of potash, iron and other micro-nutrients
for overall plant growth and development.
- We recommend feeding evergreens (Hollies, Boxwoods and Yews) and
deciduous trees (Maples, Oaks and Ash) with tree & shrub foods.
These product contains slow-release nitrogen, sulfate of potash, iron
and other micro-nutrients for overall plant growth and development.
- Time to dig Gladiolus. Remove the tops and let them dry for two
weeks. Dust them with Sulfur. Store in dry peat moss or vermiculite
at room temperature.
- Time to transplant peonies or divide them if you wish to multiply
- October is a great time to lime, seed and fertilize your lawn. You
can seed a new lawn in early October or reseed (overseed) an established
lawn this month to make it thicker and healthier.
- If you need to, you can lime, fertilize and seed your lawn all in
the same day. Otherwise, seed and fertilize the same day and then
lime later in the fall.
- If needed, fall is a great time to aerate and/or dethatch the lawn.
If you decide to do one or both of these, they should be done prior
- If you do plan to aerate, dethatch or rototill (for total renovation),
thoroughly soak the soil a day or two before you start your project
or perform your project a day or two after a good rain.
- Now is also a good time to control weeds growing in the lawn, however
you cannot weed kill and seed the same day. If you choose to kill
weeds in the lawn first, you must wait three weeks to seed your lawn.
Or, if you seed first, you will need to wait until the new seed has
germinated and been mowed at least twice before applying a weed killer.
- If you want to prevent winter annual weeds from germinating in the
lawn, you can apply Gallery or Portrait in early October, but this
would prevent you from seeding now. You will have to wait 60 days
to seed, which means you would probably need to wait until spring
to seed the lawn.
Tips on applying weed killer:
- Do not apply weed controls on newly seeded areas.
- Do not apply weed controls on windy days.
- Do not apply weed controls near or on the edge of waterways.
- Do not apply weed controls when temperatures are above 85 degrees
- Do not allow children or pets to play on lawns freshly applied with
weed controls. Wait until weed control is dry if you applied a liquid
weed killer. If you applied a granular weed control, wait one week.
- Always check the label of weed control products and follow the labeling
Feeding the Lawn
- Fall is the best time to feed your lawn with a good quality, slow-release
lawn food, with at least two feedings between the months of September,
October, November and December. We recommend using a 26-4-12 weighted
fertilizer in September. Follow the directions EXACTLY.
- If you are seeding or sodding the lawn, use a 14-18-14 weighting.
It is high in phosphorus, which aids in seedling germination and encourages
strong root development. If you use 14-18-14 now, follow-up with a
24-4-12 in November or December.
- If you are not seeding or sodding, use a 26-4-12 weighted fertilizer.
It is the ideal fertilizer to help green-up your lawn and keep it
looking thick and healthy. This product is high in nitrogen, which
will continue feeding the lawn over an extended period of time. If
you use 26-4-12 now, follow-up with 14-18-14 in November or December
as a root-building winterizer.
Seeding the Lawn
As mentioned, October is the best month to seed your lawn with improved
varieties of quality grass seed. We recommend you use grass seed mixes
which have been specially formulated for your area.
Bluegrasses and Fine Fescue and will grow in conditions ranging from
full sun to 50% shade.
Seeding rates are as follows:
3 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. on new lawns.
1.5 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. when overseeding.
Fine Fescues and hard Fescues and will grow in conditions ranging from
50% shade to 90% shade.
Seeding rates are as follows:
4 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. on new lawns.
2 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. when overseeding.
A blend made up of tall Fescues and a touch of Bluegrass and Ryegrass
thrives in conditions ranging from full sun to 70% shade, and can take
all kinds of soil condition (wet, dry, clay, sandy).
Seeding rates are as follows:
8 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. on new lawns.
4 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. when overseeding.
Fruit and Vegetable Gardens
- Pick the largest, almost ripe green tomatoes, just before a frost.
Put them in a brown paper bag with some apples and they will ripen
as sweet as if on the vine.
- Remove all old vines of beans, squash, etc. to the compost pile
and then spade or till the garden. Sow winter rye and do not mow it.
- Time to bring houseplants back indoors if you haven't already. If
needed, spray them first with one of the following products: Schultz
Houseplant Spray, Safer Houseplant Spray or Orthene. You can dust
the soil with insecticide granules to prevent bringing in ants, wireworms,
sow bugs, etc.
- Repot pot bound plants with potting mix.
- Fertilize your houseplants with a slow release fertilizer like Osmocote
through November, and then slow down your feeding schedule until February.